British Poet (c. 1340-1400)
Geoffrey Chaucer, a poet, author, bureaucrat and diplomat, is considered to be the greatest poet of the Middle Ages. His most famous work was The Canterbury Tales, a group of stories in which he satirized abuses of the church and the foibles of mankind in portrayals of several characters. His other great poem was Troilus and Criseyde. He wrote in Middle English, the form of English used from about 1100 to about 1485. He was the first English poet to use rhymed couplets in iambic pentameter. One of the most learned men of his age, he was a civil servant and a diplomat.
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