John James Audubon
French Naturalist and Wildlife Artist (1785 - 1851)
The dominant wildlife artist in America in the first half of the 19th century, John James Audubon's book, Birds of America, is still the standard by which all other wildlife artists are measured. Born in Saint Domingue, Haiti, Audubon was the illegitimate child of a French sea captain and his mistress. He was raised by his stepmother in France. He arrived in America in 1803 at the age of 18 having been sent away to avoid conscription in Napoleon's army. The Audubon Society is named for him, although he had nothing to do with its creation.
Submitted by: Mark McClellan
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